Tuesday, 23 April 2024 00:00

Foot Struggles with Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral artery disease, or PAD, is a condition characterized by narrowing or blockage of the arteries, typically in the legs, due to the buildup of fatty deposits. This restricts blood flow to the limbs, affecting the feet and causing various symptoms. Those at risk include smokers, diabetic patients, individuals with high blood pressure or cholesterol, and those with a family history of cardiovascular disease. Symptoms may include leg pain, cramping, numbness, weakness, or coldness in the feet and legs, especially during physical activity. However, some people with PAD may not experience any symptoms, a condition known as asymptomatic PAD. A podiatrist evaluates PAD through a comprehensive consultation, which may include assessing symptoms, and medical history, and performing tests like ankle-brachial index measurements or Doppler ultrasound to determine blood flow. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms, improving circulation, and reducing the risk of complications through lifestyle changes, medications, or surgical interventions. If you suffer from foot symptoms of PAD, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for care.

Peripheral artery disease can pose a serious risk to your health. It can increase the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, consult with Mark Majeski, DPM from Main Street Foot & Ankle, LLC. Our practitioner will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is when arteries are constricted due to plaque (fatty deposits) build-up. This results in less blood flow to the legs and other extremities. The main cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, in which plaque builds up in the arteries.


Symptoms of PAD include:

  • Claudication (leg pain from walking)
  • Numbness in legs
  • Decrease in growth of leg hair and toenails
  • Paleness of the skin
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Sores and wounds on legs and feet that won’t heal
  • Coldness in one leg

It is important to note that a majority of individuals never show any symptoms of PAD.


While PAD occurs in the legs and arteries, Podiatrists can diagnose PAD. Podiatrists utilize a test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI). An ABI test compares blood pressure in your arm to you ankle to see if any abnormality occurs. Ultrasound and imaging devices may also be used.


Fortunately, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising, managing cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and quitting smoking, can all treat PAD. Medications that prevent clots from occurring can be prescribed. Finally, in some cases, surgery may be recommended.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Toms River, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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