Tuesday, 09 January 2024 00:00

Causes and Treatment of Ankle Disorders

Ankle disorders encompass a range of conditions affecting the bone, muscle, and soft tissue. The most common ankle disorders include sprains, fractures, tendonitis, and arthritis. Sprains, resulting from ligament injuries, often stem from activities such as running, jumping, or overuse. Fractures may occur due to twisting, falling, or forceful landings. Tendonitis, marked by tendon inflammation, can be attributed to inadequate muscle conditioning, excessive strain on the Achilles tendon, heel bone spurs, or untreated flat feet that cause stress on the posterior tibial tendon. Arthritis, a chronic joint inflammation, manifests in various forms affecting the foot and ankle. Osteoarthritis, a degenerative type, emerges with age, leading to cartilage deterioration and joint pain. Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disorder, results from the body attacking healthy tissues and impacts joints and cartilage. Post-traumatic arthritis, arising after foot or ankle injuries, induces stiffness and inflammation in joints, even years later. If you suspect an ankle disorder, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for an accurate diagnosis and personalized care.

Ankle pain can be caused by a number of problems and may be potentially serious. If you have ankle pain, consult with Mark Majeski, DPM from Main Street Foot & Ankle, LLC. Our practitioner will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Ankle pain is any condition that causes pain in the ankle. Due to the fact that the ankle consists of tendons, muscles, bones, and ligaments, ankle pain can come from a number of different conditions.

Causes

The most common causes of ankle pain include:

  • Types of arthritis (rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout)
  • Ankle sprains
  • Broken ankles
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Stress fractures
  • Bursitis
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis

Symptoms

Symptoms of ankle injury vary based upon the condition. Pain may include general pain and discomfort, swelling, aching, redness, bruising, burning or stabbing sensations, and/or loss of sensation.

Diagnosis

Due to the wide variety of potential causes of ankle pain, podiatrists will utilize a number of different methods to properly diagnose ankle pain. This can include asking for personal and family medical histories and of any recent injuries. Further diagnosis may include sensation tests, a physical examination, and potentially x-rays or other imaging tests.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are rest, ice packs, keeping pressure off the foot, orthotics and braces, medication for inflammation and pain, and surgery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Toms River, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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