Items filtered by date: April 2023

Tuesday, 25 April 2023 00:00

What Kind of Work Shoes Should I Buy?

There are different types of shoes that are worn for various occupations. It is important to understand the workplace environment, and this may be helpful in choosing what type of shoes to purchase. Many accidents that happen while working can be caused by wearing inappropriate footwear at work. This may come at the cost of losing work and money, in addition to suffering from foot injuries. The dangers of the workplace can include heavy objects that fall, hazardous liquids, or slippery surfaces. Shoes that have slip-resistant soles may help to prevent unnecessary falls, and wearing shoes that have toe guards can be beneficial in protecting the top of the feet from trauma. There are professions that require employees to work outside in cold environments, and wearing insulated boots may help the feet to feel more comfortable. If you would like additional information about what type of shoes to wear for your job, it is suggested that you speak with a podiatrist who can provide you with the knowledge you are seeking.

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact Mark Majeski, DPM from Main Street Foot & Ankle, LLC. Our practitioner will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Toms River, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about How to Handle a Long Work Day on Your Feet
Tuesday, 18 April 2023 00:00

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is considered to be a deformity that can happen for genetic reasons, or from wearing shoes that are too tight. A bunion is a bony growth which forms on the side of the big toe. Severely protruding bunions may cause the other toes to shift toward each other as well, and larger shoes may need to be worn. Some people have corns and calluses that grow on top of the toes, as a result of the friction that is caused when they touch the top of the shoe. Wearing high heels may cause a bunion to form from the limited amount of room the toes have to move in. Relief may be found with mild bunions when a protective pad is worn over them. Some patients have chosen to wear custom-made orthotics, which may help the foot to feel more comfortable in the shoe. If you have a bunion, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the treatment option that is best for you.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Mark Majeski, DPM of Main Street Foot & Ankle, LLC. Our practitioner can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Toms River, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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People who have pain in the arch of their foot may benefit by performing specific types of stretching exercises that target that part of the foot. The plantar fascia is located on the sole of the foot and connects the heel to the toes. It can become damaged from standing or running for long periods of time, or from wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. Performing a plantar fascia stretch is done by crossing one foot over the opposite knee while sitting in a chair. It begins by grabbing the heel and pulling it with one hand and using the other hand to bring the toes in the opposite direction. This stretch is felt along the bottom of the foot and can be repeated up to four times after holding it for several seconds. The Achilles tendon connects the heels to the calf muscles, and a calf stretch can help to strengthen the heel. This can be accomplished by standing on a step and lowering one heel at a time until a gentle stretch is felt. If you would like more information about what types of foot stretches to perform for an inflamed plantar fascia, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist.

Stretching the feet is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns with your feet consult with Mark Majeski, DPM from Main Street Foot & Ankle, LLC. Our practitioner will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Stretching the Feet

Stretching the muscles in the foot is an important part in any physical activity. Feet that are tight can lead to less flexibility and make you more prone to injury. One of the most common forms of foot pain, plantar fasciitis, can be stretched out to help ease the pain. Stretching can not only ease pain from plantar fasciitis but also prevent it as well. However, it is important to see a podiatrist first if stretching is right for you. Podiatrists can also recommend other ways to stretch your feet. Once you know whether stretching is right for you, here are some excellent stretches you can do.

  • Using a foam roller or any cylindrical object (a water bottle or soda can will do), roll the object under your foot back and forth. You should also exert pressure on the object. Be sure to do this to both feet for a minute. Do this exercise three times each.
  • Similar to the previous one, take a ball, such as a tennis ball, and roll it under your foot while seated and exert pressure on it.
  • Grab a resistance band or towel and take a seat. If you are using a towel, fold it length wise. Next put either one between the ball of your foot and heel and pull with both hands on each side towards you. Hold this for 15 seconds and then switch feet. Do this three times for each foot.
  • Finally hold your big toe while crossing one leg over the other. Pull the toe towards you and hold for 15 seconds. Once again do this three times per foot.

It is best to go easy when first stretching your foot and work your way up. If your foot starts hurting, stop exercising and ice and rest the foot. It is advised to then see a podiatrist for help.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Toms River, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Stretch Your Feet
Tuesday, 04 April 2023 00:00

What Is a Plantar Fibroma?

A plantar fibroma is a ball of fibrous tissue that develops in the arch of the foot. Though plantar fibromas are benign, they can cause a great deal of pain and interfere with walking and standing. Interestingly, these happen in males more often than females and in middle aged versus older people. When several fibromas develop in the feet, it is called plantar fibromatosis. Pain can worsen as fibromas become larger, from wearing shoes that are too tight, from walking barefoot, or from standing too long. These lumps have no known cause, but may be genetic. They are more common in those of Northern European heritage and less common in Asians. Some experts think trauma and repetitive injuries to the feet may be involved in the development of plantar fibromas. Medical conditions, such as liver disease and diabetes, and lifestyle factors, including alcohol abuse, might also contribute to, but not cause, formation of plantar fibromas. Also, certain medications and supplements are associated with this condition. If you think you have a plantar fibroma, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

A plantar fibroma may disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Mark Majeski, DPM of Main Street Foot & Ankle, LLC. Our practitioner can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Plantar Fibroma

A plantar fibroma is a fibrous knot in the arch of the foot. It is embedded in the plantar fascia which is a band of tissue that extends from the heel to the toes along the bottom of the foot. There can be multiple plantar fibromas in the feet at the same time. There are no known causes for this condition. If you have a plantar fibroma, there will be a bump in the arch of your foot that cannot be missed. Any associated pain is most often due to a shoe rubbing against the nodule. Non-surgical options, such as steroid injections, physical therapy, and orthotics should be tried first. Surgery is a last resort and is the only thing that will remove a plantar fibroma entirely. Consult with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and to determine the treatment regimen that is right for you.

What Causes a Plantar Fibroma?

While there are no specific causes identified, a plantar fibroma can possibly come from genetic predisposition or the formation of scar tissue that forms from healing the tears in the plantar fascia.

What Are the Symptoms of a Plantar Fibroma?

There will be a noticeable lump in the arch of the foot that may or may not cause pain. If pain is felt, it is typically because a shoe is rubbing up against the lump or when walking or standing barefoot.

Treatment and Prevention

A plantar fibroma will not disappear without treatment, but it can get smaller and be a non-issue. If pain persists, a podiatrist examines the foot and when the arch of the foot is pressed, pain can be felt down to the toes. An MRI or biopsy might be performed to help diagnose or evaluate the plantar fibroma. The following non-surgical options are generally enough to reduce the size and pain of these nodules:

  • Steroid injections
  • Orthotics
  • Physical therapy to help apply anti-inflammatory creams on the bump 

Surgery is considered if the mass increases in size and the patient continues to feel pain after non-surgical methods are tried.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Toms River, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Plantar Fibroma

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